PAPER – I: FUNDAMENTALS OF SOCIOLOGY (Topics from 1 to 5)
Download (5 Page PDF file – Content & Schedule of Test Series with Evaluation Methodology and Indicators) at: IAS SOCIOLOGY MAIN MOCK TEST SERIES 2008
1. Sociology – The Discipline:
(a)Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology.
(b) Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.
(c)Sociology and common sense.
2.Sociology as Science:
(a)Science, scientific method and critique.
(b) Major theoretical strands of research methodology.
(c)Positivism and its critique.
(d) Fact value and objectivity.
(e) Non- positivist methodologies.
3. Research Methods and Analysis:
(a)Qualitative and quantitative methods.
(b) Techniques of data collection.
(c)Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity.
4. Sociological Thinkers:
(a) Karl Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.
(b) Emile Durkheim- Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society.
(c) Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.
(d) Talcolt Parsons- Social system, pattern variables.
(e) Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups
(f) Mead – Self and identity.
5. Stratification and Mobility:
(a) Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation
(b) Theories of social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory.
(c) Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race.
(d) Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility.
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