The group of world’s eight most powerful industrialised countries, the G8, which controls more than 60 per cent of the world’s economy, has declared it will “consider seriously” steps to deal with climate change at the 33rd annual summit of its leaders in this town on the Baltic coast. German chancellor Angela Merkel announced a breakthrough on June 7; by the time the summit declaration was released, it was obvious that she was trying to save face. The targets Merkel had proposed—that G8 countries do not let the world’s average temperature increase by more than 2°C by 2050, and for that agree to cut greenhouse gas emissions to half of 1990 levels—had not been agreed upon by G8 leaders.
KIRTIMAN AWASTHI, ARCHITA BHATTA
The committee comes when global negotiations on climate change are at a peak, especially after the un’s Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (ipcc) working group iii report predicted that climate change would cause dire consequences in poor countries.The setting up of the expert committee also coincides with global negotiations to find measures to fight emissions post-2012 when the Kyoto Protocol expires. Under the Kyoto Protocol, industrialised countries are expected to reduce ghg emissions to 5 to 6 per cent below 1990 levels by 2012.
The first-ever debate on climate change in the un Security Council evinced strong protests from developing nations. The proposal by the uk asked for a discussion on climate change in the council since it posed a security threat.uk’s foreign secretary Margaret Beckett, who chaired the 15-member body meeting on April 17, 2007, in New York, argued that climate change had the potential to cause wars and the debate needs to move from the fringe to the Security Council, the most powerful un body. “An unstable climate will exacerbate some of the core drivers of conflict—such as migratory pressures and competition for resources,” said Beckett.Drought and crop failure could intensify competition for food, water and energy while economic destruction could be comparable to the World War ii or the great depression, she added.
Courtesy : Down to Earth ~ www.downtoearth.org.in
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