IAS General Studies : Fundamental & Basics of Indian Geography

The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. India comprises most of the Indian subcontinent situated on the Indian Plate, the northerly portion of the Indo-Australian Plate. Having a coastline of over 7,000 kilometres (4,350 mi), most of India lies on a peninsula in Southern Asia that protrudes into the Indian Ocean. India is bounded in the southwest by the Arabian Sea and in the east and southeast by the Bay of Bengal.

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Continent Asia
Region Southern Asia
Indian subcontinent
Coordinates 20°00’N 77°00’E
Area Ranked 7th
3,287,263 km²
1,269,345.60 miles²
90.44% land
9.56% water
Coastline 7,516 km (4,670.23 miles)
Borders Total land borders:
14,103 km (8,763 mi)
4,053 km (2,518 mi)
605 km (376 mi)
1,463 km (909 mi)
China (PRC):
3,380 km (2,100 mi)
1,690 km (1,050 mi)
2,912 km (1,809 mi)
Highest point Kangchenjunga[1]
8,598 m (28,209 ft)
Lowest point Kuttanad
-2.2 m (-7.2 ft)
Longest river GangesBrahmaputra
Largest lake Chilka Lake

 Courtesy: Wikipedia – www.en.wikipedia.org

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